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Title:The Lapse Constraint
Authors:Thomas Green, Michael Kenstowicz
Abstract: The Lapse Constraint

ROA-101 (14pp.)

lapse.ps, lapse.rtf

Thomas Green

Michael Kenstowicz




Also available as hard copy:

FLSM 6,1: 1-14. 1995. Bloomington, Ind: Indiana University Linguistics Club.

In this paper we argue that the Ft-Binarity constraint (feet are

disyllabic or bimoraic) familiar from the metrical parsing literature

(McCarthy & Prince 1986, Hayes 1994) should be decomposed into two

constraints: Min-2 and Lapse. Min-2 requires feet to have at least two

syllables/moras and prevents feet from becoming too small. The Lapse

constraint, in the spirit of its original proposal in Selkirk 1984,

prevents feet from becoming too big; our particular formulation

(following Green 1995) penalizes two successive unstressed syllables

not separated by a foot boundary. We present three arguments for this

form of the Lapse constraint. First, it permits a straightforward

analysis of the three-syllable window effect found in Piraha where

stress seeks out the most prominent syllable within the final three

syllables of the word (Green 1995, based on Everett 1983, 1986).

Second, Min-2 and Lapse provide an analysis for the stressed

degenerate feet in languages such as Maranungku and Banawa (Everett

1993, 1995). Finally, we show that the Lapse constraint subsumes the

core cases of ternary rhythm falling under Hayes (1994) "weak local

parsing" algorithm.

Type:Paper/tech report
Article:Version 1