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Title:Polish Yers and the Finer Structure of Output-Output Correspondence
Authors:Gaja Jarosz
Comment:In BLS 31 (2006)
Abstract:This paper presents an Optimality-Theoretic analysis of Polish alternating vowels, known as yers, in both simple and derived paradigms. It is argued that yer alternations are a particular kind of absolute neutralization expected under Richness of the Base, wherein a marked underlying structure is realized differently in different contexts. Due to their marked status, yers are deleted unless their realization (which involves a feature change) can prevent the creation of a complex coda. In this way, independently motivated constraints on syllable wellformedness drive the alternations, revealing a sensitivity to syllable complexity in a language that otherwise permits complex codas. It is shown that the syllable-based analysis provides an explanation for a systematic gap: yer vowels may occur before the final, but not penultimate, consonant in stems ending in triconsonantal clusters. The paper also proposes a novel variant of Output-Output correspondence to account of the leveling of alternations that occurs in derived paradigms.
Type:Paper/tech report
Area/Keywords:Phonology, Syllable Structure, Optimality Theory, Polish, Slavic, yer
Article:Version 1