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Title:Phonology and morphology and the limits of freedom in an artificial language
Authors:Nicolau Dols Salas
Comment:Appeared in Language, Communication, Information, I. Koutny & P. Nowak (eds.) 7/2012: 37–52
Abstract:Artificial languages like Esperanto were created on paper. The pronunciation of such languages is not ordinarily planned in detail. Competence in one’s native language is usually the basis of unconscious nuances such as vowel height or openness. In this paper a phonetic analysis of the Esperanto vowels as pronounced by four Esperantists is produced as an example of displaced competence. Besides this, there exists in Esperanto at least one field in which speakers seem to be left to their will: the maintenance of the ending of the first element in compound words. These compounds are studied within the frame of Optimality Theory, and grammatical resources that reflect the generation of compounds are proposed in order to better understand the system.
Type:Paper/tech report
Area/Keywords:Phonology, Morphology, Compounds, Esperanto, Stochastic OT
Article:Version 1