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Title:Reduplication in Hawaiian: Variations on a theme of minimal word
Authors:John Alderete, Kayleigh MacMillan
Comment:To appear in NLLT. Data supplement and OTWorkPlace files available at: anderei.net/datasets
Length:44 pgs
Abstract:The article explores a database of over 1600 reduplicated words in Hawaiian and gives the first comprehensive account of the empirical generalizations concerning reduplicant form and associated vowel length alternations. We argue that the observed output patterns and length alternations can be cogently analyzed by recognizing a minimal word target for reduplicant shape. Realizing a minimal word, or a single well-formed foot, is predicted by the integration of standard constraints on prosodic well-formedness and faithfulness constraints in Optimality Theory. We further show that all variant realizations of the reduplicant, and a myriad of exceptional patterns, can be accounted for by re-ordering only faithfulness constraints defined on distinct correspondence relations, documenting that one especially rich dataset can be analyzed with this limitation on constraint systems.
Type:Paper/tech report
Area/Keywords:stress, length, minimal word, reduplication, generalized templates, Optimality Theory, exceptional phonology, correspondence, phonology of length, Hawaiian, Austronesian
Article:Version 1