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Title:Monotonic Cyclicity
Authors:Orhan Orgun
Abstract: Sign-Based Morphology: a declarative theory

of phonology-morphology interleaving

ROA-122 28 pages

signbase.ps, --.word6, --.rtf

Monotonic Cyclicity

ROA-123 13 pages

monocyc.ps .word6 .rtf

Cemil Orhan Orgun

U.C. Berkeley


These two papers develop a declarative approach to the phonology-

morphology interface that accounts for cyclic versus noncyclic

phonological effects, and relates the contrast to independently

motivated morphological structures. "Monotonic Cyclicity" is the

first work I know of that has argued that phonology-morphology

interleaving is not necessarily derivational (Cole and Coleman

(1993) have presented a CLS paper that makes a similar point).

Since then, approaches to the phonology-morphology interface that

attempt to capture interleaving in a fairly direct manner have

become quite common (for example, recent works by Benua, Buckley,

Kenstowizc, McCarthy). The approach I develop in the two papers

announced here differs from these recent works in an important

respect: the works cited above attempt to derive interleaving

effects from essentially paradigmatic relationships between

lexical entries. Sign-Based Morphology derives interleaving

effects from constituent structures and feature percolation, two

tools that most current theories of linguistics use (note that

a paradigmatic interpretation of Sign-Based Morphology is

possible though not essential, as I discuss in the paper).

I argue that Sign-Based Morphology is superior to the

paradigmatic approach in at least the following ways: (1) the

inside-out nature of interleaving effects must be stipulated in

the paradigmatic approach ("primacy of the base" in Benua 1995

and McCarthy 1995). No such stipulation is needed in SBM. (2) SBM

accounts for noncyclic as well as cyclic effects, and relates

them to independent morphological evidence. The paradigmatic

approach has no way of dealing with noncyclic effects. (3) The

paradigmatic approach stipulates that paradigmatic correspondence

constraints apply only between words. I show that bound stems

that are not independent words may be "cyclic domains". SBM deals

successfully with such bound stems acting as "cyclic" domains,

since it is the constituent structure that determines interleaving

effects, not whether a given constituent is free or bound.

Postscript advice: MAC users may have some difficulty with the

postscript files that I have posted. If this happens, try deleting

the first character of each file (which appears as a right square

bracket "]" on most screens).

Fonts: SBM uses SIL Doulos IPA, available free of charge from SIL

(ftp.sil.org) in MAC and WINDOWS versions. The document uses the

WINDOWS version, which unfortunately is not fully compatible with

the MAC version.
Type:Paper/tech report
Article:Version 1