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Title:Exceptions and static phonological patterns: cophonologies vs. prespecification
Authors:Sharon Inkelas, Orhan Orgun, Cheryl Zoll
Abstract: Exceptions and static phonological patterns:

cophonologies vs. prespecification

ROA-124 33 pages

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Sharon Inkelas, Orhan Orgun, Cheryl Zoll

U.C. Berkeley, U.C. Berkeley, U. Iowa




In this paper, we argue that treating partial static distributional

regularities should not be handled by assigning each distributional

regularity to a stratum of the lexicon that has its own phonological

system (examples of the approach we argue against are the use of rule

features in derivational theories and the use of parochial constraint

ranking in recent works in Optimality Theory).

The methodology we argue for gives rise to what has been

called "convenient underspecification" by Steriade 1995 and "naive

underspecification" by Mester and Ito 1989. As these works have shown,

there is no principled way within derivational theories to obtain the

desired underlying forms. Underspecification is then used in an

ad-hoc fashion. As Inkelas 1994 has argued, and as we also show in

this paper, archiphonemic underspecification (our term for this way of

determining URs) is empirically required by three-way alternations.

Furthermore, within OT, archiphonemic underspecification can be

achieved in a principled manner through Lexicon Optimization (Prince

and Smolensky 1993). Thus, OT is able to achieve a principled account

of static regularities and exceptions, while past derivational

theories had to resort to ad-hoc stipulation.


Type:Paper/tech report
Article:Version 1