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Title:Reduplication and Segmental Unmarkedness
Authors:John Alderete, Jill N. Beckman, Laura Benua, Amalia E. Gnanadesikan, John J. McCarthy, Suzanne Urbanczyk
Comment:Superseded by ROA-226. 60 pp. July, 1996.
Abstract: This article examines the phenomenon of fixed default

segmentism in reduplicated forms, arguing that it should

be understood as emergence of the unmarked (McCarthy &

Prince 1994a) within Optimality Theory (Prince & Smolensky 1993).

Constraints on segmental markedness, particularly the

Place markedness hierarchy, are satisfied at the

expense of exact copying, even when they are violated

freely in the language as a whole. Examples of fixed

default segmentism that are studied include Yoruba,

Tubatulabal, and Nancowry -- the latter two in detail.

Fixed default segmentism is derived phonologically,

in satisfaction of constraints on phonological markedness.

A different type of fixed reduplicative segmentism,

exemplified by English [table-schmable], has a

morphological source: the fixed segments constitute a

morpheme, and they have the properties and distribution

of morphemes generally. This distinction is supported

on empirical grounds and is reflected in separate (and

separately motivated) aspects of the proposed theory.

Apart from its relevance to the theory of fixed

reduplicative segmentism, the work reported here bears on

several other questions of current interest. It is set

within Optimality Theory generally, which supplies a

model of constraints and their interaction, and

specifically within Correspondence Theory (McCarthy &

Prince 1995), which generalizes notions of faithfulness

to reduplication. More locally, certain questions that

arise within OT or within Correspondence Theory are

addressed: the nature of markedness constraints

and the character of featural versus segmental

faithfulness. Results in these areas are at least

suggestive, and some appropriate directions for further

research are indicated.

Type:Paper/tech report
Article:This article has been withdrawn.