|Title:||Servigliano revisited: An examination from constraint-based serialism|
|Abstract:||This paper examines a metaphonic chain shift in Servigliano (Italo-Romance), in which open-mid vowels raise to high-mid and high-mid vowels raise to high when stressed and followed by inflectional /i, u/. The paper also explores pre-tonic metaphony, whereby low-mid vowels raise all the way up to high when followed by a stressed high vowel.
First, an analysis of the data is developed using Optimality Theory with Candidate Chains (OT-CC), taking as a starting point the parallel OT analysis developed in Mascaró (2011).
Second, it is shown that OT-CC causes one analytical problem and no gain in terms of economy.
On the one hand, the metaphony-triggering constraint Agree(+high,+ATR) proposed in Mascaró (2011) needs to be split into two different constraints, one of which needs a more complicated formulation that requires a conditional clause. On the other hand, positional faithfulness is needed, as in the parallel OT analysis by Mascaró (2011), to explain the asymmetry between one-step metaphony and fell-swoop pre-tonic metaphony; OT-CC provides no inherent advantage in explaining this asymmetry.
|Area/Keywords:||Servigliano; Metaphony; Opacity; Chain shift; Optimality Theory with Candidate-Chains; Harmonic Serialism; Constraint conjunction|