[Author Login]
Title:Conflicting Directionality
Authors:Cheryl Zoll
Abstract: Optimality Theory has been very successful in

accounting for non-local dependencies straightforwardly,

obviating the need to build the ill-formed intermediate

structures that are sometimes inevitable in serial

derivational frameworks (Prince & Smolensky (1993),

McCarthy & Prince (1993)). The limits of parallel output

evaluation have also forced re-assessment of other

phenomena traditionally thought to require serial rule

application. Directionality effects, for example, are recast in

OT by designating one edge of a domain as a magnet for

phonological material (Prince and Smolensky (1993),

McCarthy and Prince (1993). The bidirectionality of

Japanese Mimetic Palatalization , stress assignment in

Selkup and general tone association presents apparent

difficulties since it seems to require that both edges be

designated simultaneously dominant. This paper

demonstrates, however, that conflicting directionality in

such cases arises from the opposition between the licensing

of marked structures versus the demands of more general

alignment. The account reveals the link between the

segmental and prosodic cases of conflicting directionality,

relates them to well-attested cases of licensing cross-

linguistically, and undermines what has been considered to

be a strong argument for contrastive underspecification.

Type:Paper/tech report
Article:Version 1