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Title:Austronesian Nasal Substitution and Other NC Effects
Authors:Joe Pater
Comment:43 pages. Supersedes ROA 92-0000
Abstract:Austronesian Nasal Substitution and Other NC Effects

Joe Pater

McGill University

The paper analyzes Indonesian/Malay nasal substitution (i.e.

meN+pilih -> memilih, but meN+beli -> membeli) as fusion of

the nasal and voiceless obstruent, driven by a phonetically

motivated constraint that disallows nasal/voiceless obstruent

clusters (*NC). Through reranking *NC with faithfulness

constraints, a typology of NC effects, including nasal deletion,

post-nasal voicing, and denasalization, is produced.

Particularly striking evidence for the need to formally express

the relationship between these processes is provided by conspiracies

between NC effects, where *NC is satisfied in one way in one

environment (e.g. post-nasal voicing word-medially), and in another

way in another context(e.g. nasal substitution word-initially).

Topics of more general concern dealt with in the paper include

the formulation of segmental and featural faithfulness constraints in

the Correspondence Theory of McCarthy and Prince (1995), as well as

the influence of morphology on non-prosodic phonology.
Type:Paper/tech report
Article:Version 1