|Title:||Alignment in Manam stress|
|Comment:||18 pages. Supersedes ROA-56|
|Abstract:||In analyzing the interaction of word stress and cliticization in
Manam, Halle and Kenstowicz (1991) propose that stress is assigned
first to the word; and that later, after cliticization, a new foot
is created only if this can be done without destroying the existing
foot structure. I argue that a proper analysis of Manam stress
requires abandonment of these multiple rounds of foot construction.
I develop an analysis within the framework of Optimality Theory based
on the alignment of metrical feet with the edges of morphologically
defined constituents, which avoids the empirical and explanatory
inadequacies of HK's account. Important issues which arise are the
analysis of extrametricality, the prosodic specification of clitics,
avoidance of clash, and the role of Onset in forcing special syllable
and foot structure.
This paper, to appear in Linguistic Inquiry, replaces ROA-56.
Relative to the previous version, the conjunctive nature of FtOnset
has been reanalyzed in a much more natural way as simple Onset
(with a minor role for a purely phonological FtOnset constraint).
The use of constraint domains (substrings of the representation for
which particular constraint rankings hold) has been simplified to a
single constraint, AlignHd, rather than the previous application of
this formalism to both *Clash and FtOnset.