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Title:Some Optimality Principles of Sentence Pronunciation
Authors:David Pesetsky
Comment:49pp. File marked "Other" is a compressed (.sit.hqx) Mac archive containing the Mac Word 5.1 file and SILDoulos (IPA) & Times-CE fonts
Abstract:Some Optimality Principles of Sentence Pronunciation

David Pesetsky

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

A central discovery of modern syntax has been the observation that

words and phrases may simultaneously bear more than one single

grammatical relation in a given sentence ("movement"). Much of the

debate in the field has concerned where and how a phrase that bears

multiple relations is pronounced. This debate became particularly

interesting with the realization that the last position moved into

(the head of a chain) is not always the position of pronunciation --

that is, with the discovery of "covert (LF) movement". The widely

accepted solutions to this problem have involved a path to PF midway

in the derivation of LF (variously analysed as S-structure or as the

locus of spellout).

This paper advances a different proposal. I argue that PF is a

pronunciation of LF, not a pronunciation of an intermediate step of

the syntactic derivation as in the GB/Minimalist tradition. The

conditions that determine the proper pronunciation of LF interact

according to the principles of OT. The input to the pronunciation

system is an LF containing chains formed in accordance with a full

copy theory of movement (extending Chomsky 1993). The job of the

pronunciation system is to determine the pronunciation of the

elements of these chains. The areas of greatest interest will

involve pronunciation vs. deletion of complementizers and WH-forms

in declarative, interrogative and relative clauses in English and

French. The results of Broihier (ROA-46) on resumptive pronouns

follow naturally, as the system is extended to cover principles of

trace pronunciation.

The paper was presented at the 1995 MIT "Good Enough" conference,

was written in Summer 1996, and will appear shortly in the proceedings

of the MIT conference.

Type:Paper/tech report
Article:Version 1