[Author Login]
Title:Markedness, Segment Realisation, and Locality in Spreading
Authors:Maire Ni Chiosain, Jaye Padgett
Abstract:Markedness, segment realisation, and locality in spreading

Maire Ni Chiosain & Jaye Padgett

University College, Dublin and University of California, Santa Cruz

Accounts of feature spreading have long assumed that segments

can be transparent, or skipped by the spreading. Examples of

skipped segments include consonants in vowel harmony, vowels

and non-coronal consonants in coronal harmony, and glottal

stops in nasal harmony. This paper argues against transparency

in spreading: spreading is segmentally adjacent and segments are

either blockers or participants. For the afore-mentioned cases,

therefore, the relevant segments are participants, overtly

bearing the spreading feature. The argument depends on a far-

reaching shift in conceptions of markedness and segment

realisation. In particular, markedness in Dispersion Theory

(Flemming 1995, after work of Lindblom) is determined by the

interaction of two often conflicting families of constraints, one

rooted in articulatory complexity, the other in perceptual

distinctiveness. This bidimensional understanding of markedness

makes possible an explanation for the cross-linguistic typology

of 'transparency', in particular the asymmetry in the spreading

behaviour of consonant and vowel place features. It also brings

an explanatory unity to diverse cases of 'transparency',

eliminating a need for any theory of locality per se.
Type:Paper/tech report
Article:Version 1