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Title:Sympathy Theory and German Truncations
Authors:Junko Ito, Armin Mester
Abstract:Sympathy Theory and German Truncations

Junko Ito & Armin Mester

University of California, Santa Cruz

Phonological opacity, in the proposal of McCarthy 1997, arises through

constraints on a new type of correspondence relation holding within the

candidate set that Gen produces for a given input, i.e., a relation

between co-candidates. A candidate may win because it is in sympathy

with a particular failed co-candidate, one that is optimal with respect

to a specific lower-ranking constraint. This paper presents independent

evidence for Sympathy by arguing that, enriched with the new notion,

Optimality Theory can explain a certain type of prosodic-morphological

formations requiring access to virtual forms accessible neither in the

input in the output. The empirical focus throughout is a productive

pattern of truncation in contemporary German deriving hypocoristics and

other kinds of shortenings. In a broader vein, it is suggested that with

the inclusion of Sympathy, the power of Output-Output constraints can be

drastically reduced, leading to a simpler overall theory.
Type:Paper/tech report
Article:Version 1