[Author Login]
Title:Alignment and Adjacency in Optimality Theory: Evidence from Warlpiri and Arrernte
Authors:Lynn Berry
Comment:Appendices have not been uploaded. Requires SILDoulosIPA font
Abstract:Alignment and Adjacency in Optimality Theory:

Evidence from Warlpiri and Arrernte

Lynn Berry

The goal of this thesis is to explore alignment and adjacency of

constituents in the framework of Optimality Theory. Under the notion of

alignment, certain categories, prosodic and morphological, are required to

correspond to certain other categories, prosodic or morphological. The

alignment of categories is achieved through the operation of constraints

which evaluate the wellformedness of outputs. The constraints on the

alignment of categories and the ranking of these constraints are examined

with emphasis on two Australian languages, Warlpiri and Arrernte. The aim

is to provide an adequate account in the theory of Optimality of the

processes of stress, reduplication and vowel harmony evident in the data.

The thesis expands on the range of edges for the alignment of feet. Foot

alignment is developed to account for the fact that the edges of

intonational phrases, morphemes, and specific morphemes, as well as

phonologically specific syllables, play an active role in determining the

location of feet. An additional finding is that the location of feet can

also be determined by adjacency, resolving conflict between morphological

alignment, and ensuring rhythmic harmony. Requirements on adjacency are

further supported to account for segmental harmony, where harmony provides

evidence for the simultaneous action of segmental and prosodic processes.

The analysis provides a unified account of binary and ternary rhythm

recommending modifications to alignment of certain categories, thereby

laying the groundwork to deal with variation. The account of variation

involves relaxing certain constraints.

In addition, the notion of rhythm is expanded to account for onset

sensitivity to stress, with evidence of this sensitivity found in

reduplication and allomorphy.

The interaction of prosodic categories with each other and with

morphological categories can be directly captured in OT, providing a

unified and coherent account of phenomena, some of which were previously

seen as exceptions and therefore, unrelated and arbitrary.

Article:Version 1