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Title:Order Preservation, Parallel Movement, and the Emergence of the Unmarked
Authors:Gereon Mueller
Abstract:Order Preservation, Parallel Movement, and the Emergence of the Unmarked

Gereon Mueller

Universitaet Stuttgart

Order preservation effects are documented with a number of movement

operations in various languages, among them wh-movement in English

(superiority), multiple wh-movement in Bulgarian, object shift in

Danish and Icelandic, pronoun fronting in German, Case-driven NP

raising in English, and quantifier raising in German. Beginning

with Lakoff (1971), several analyses have been suggested in the

literature that rely on the basic intuition that certain types of

movement, under certain conditions, must preserve the pre-movement

order of arguments. However, a unified, non-construction specific

approach to the phenomenon that reduces all order preservation

effects to a single underlying constraint is still outstanding,

for what at first sight appear to be good reasons: in many cases,

overt movement operations can freely change D-structure order

(e.g., this holds for wh-movement of an object across a non-wh-

subject). Thus, order preservation should best be viewed as the

unmarked case, arising if there is an initial ambiguity of rule

application. This idea turns out to be extremely difficult to

express in standard syntactic approaches that recognize only

inviolable constraints; but things are different under an

optimality theoretic approach in which constraints are violable

and ranked.

In view of this, I will argue for an optimality theoretic analysis

that is based on one general constraint called "Parallel Movement"

(Par-Move) and thus permits a unified account of order preservation

effects. Par-Move is violable and typically ranked quite low; it

thereby is correctly predicted that order preservation emerges as

the unmarked case with syntactic movement, but is often overruled

by higher-ranked constraints.
Type:Paper/tech report
Article:Version 1