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Title:Som and Optimality Theory
Authors:Edward Keer
Abstract:Som and Optimality Theory

Edward Keer

University of Massachusetts, Amherst

This article argues that the difference between English and Norwegian

with respect to the presence of a complementizer in embedded subject

questions is attributable to a larger difference between the two

languages, namely that Norwegian is a verb second language while English

is not. Verb second forces subject wh-phrases to move to the specifier

of a higher projection in Norwegian. The movement creates the need for

a complementizer. In English, there is no such pressure for subject

wh-phrases to move. Therefore there is no need for a complementizer.

The so called anti *that-trace effects in Norwegian and the lack of them

in English supports the use of ranked and violable constraints in an

Optimality-Theoretic system.

Type:Paper/tech report
Article:Version 1