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Title:Stress, epenthesis, and segment transformation in Selayarese loans
Authors:Ellen Broselow
Abstract:Stress, epenthesis, and segment transformation in Selayarese loans

Ellen Broselow

State University of New York at Stony Brook

The transformation of words borrowed from Bahasa Indonesia into

Selayarese, a Makassar language of South Sulawesi, Indonesia, can be

accounted for by a set of well motivated constraints. In this paper

(to appear in BLS 25), I consider whether the rankings required by the

loanword phonology are motivated by the native language data and if

not, whether they correspond to default, initial-state rankings. I

discuss two aspects of loan phonology. First, I show that the complex

pattern of stress-epenthesis interaction follows from an analysis in

which inclusion of epenthetic vowels in the main stress foot is

avoided where possible (as proposed in Alderete, to appear). Second,

I consider the treatment of borrowed words with illegal Selayarese

codas. Most illegal codas are transformed into a legal Selayarese

coda segment, but /r,l,s/ are transformed into onsets by epenthesis of

a following vowel. The analysis proposed here, reminiscent of the

familiar notion of phoneme substitution, is that illegal coda segments

are realized as the 'closest' native language segment that is

acceptable in coda position. For /r,l,s/, the lack of a sufficiently

close correspondent (where closeness is defined in terms of ranking of

IDENT constraints) makes segment transformation unacceptable, leaving

vowel epenthesis as the optimal strategy for adapting final /r,l,s/ to

the Selayarese coda requirements. This analysis accounts not only for

the loanword data but also for paradigm gaps-namely, the fact that the

native language vocabulary contains roots that end in /r,l,s/ but in

no other illegal codas. I argue that this analysis of paradigm gaps

is superior to the analysis of similar paradigm gaps offered by

McCarthy (to appear) as a result of the blocking of vowel epenthesis

by non-transparent consonants.
Type:Paper/tech report
Article:Version 1