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Title:Surface-to-Surface Morphology: when your Representations turn into Constraints
Authors:Luigi Burzio
Abstract:Surface-to-Surface Morphology:
when your Representations turn into Constraints

Luigi Burzio
Johns Hopkins University

Traditional morphology, that cranks out \'underlying representations\'
destined for phonology, has a serial character that makes it an odd
bedfellow to parallel OT. The problem becomes all the more acute once
one recognizes the need for \'surface-to-surface\' faithfulness
constraints (Benua 1997, Burzio 1994a, Kenstowicz 1996, Steriade 1996),
given the ability of the latter to do -in parallel- some of the work
that the old morphology did in series. This paper proposes a theory of
surface-to-surface relations that has full morphological capabilities.
It does so by introducing the seemingly radical but actually natural
assumption that representations are clusters of entailments that
directly condition other representations. That assumption is shown to
yield a faithfulness function that automatically manages distance among
representations, by pressuring close neighbors to \'neutralize\'. The
latter function is then shown to reduce otherwise paradoxical patterns
of allomorphy to an effect that is independently attested at the
segmental level, where weak contrasts are eliminated. The proposal thus
relates well to the \'Dispersion Theory\' of Flemming (1995) and the
theory of neutralization of Steriade (1994, 1997b), which account for
those segmental effects. It also connects with the theory of Wilson
(1999, in preparation) which in turn establishes an important link
between phonological neutralization and phonological opacity
(counterfeeding/ counterbleeding effects).
Type:Paper/tech report
Article:Version 1