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Title:Epenthesis, Metathesis, and Vowel-Glide Alternation: Prosodic Reflexes in Mabalay Atayal
Authors:Wendy Lambert
Comment:SILSophia IPA93.ttf used in this document is available (free) at www.sil.org
Abstract:Epenthesis, Metathesis, and Vowel-Glide Alternation:

Prosodic Reflexes in Mabalay Atayal

Wendy Mae Lambert

National Tsing Hua University

The Atayal language has had minimal analysis done at the prosodic level

and that which has been done has merely been descriptive. Theoretically,

former analyses of prosody have been carried out in a serial manner,

dealing first with syllabification, then going on to analyze footing and

stress assignment. This serial approach prevented the analyst from

observing the causal relationship between footing and such prosodic

reflexes as epenthesis, metathesis, and vowel-glide alternations, as

seen in the Mabalay data. Those analysts who made the connection had no

formal theory in which to express it. Optimality Theory, as set forth

by Prince and Smolensky (1993) and McCarthy and Prince (1993a),

approaches the problem from a parallelist perspective, allowing us to

see the effects of integrated prosodic constraints directly on the

surface forms. This research ties epenthesis, metathesis, and vowel-

glide alternations together as prosodic reflexes predominantly of

footing constraints. This Atayal dialect uses these as strategies to

achieve its goal of forming a perfect iamb. Dialect comparison reveals a

reranking of the constraints attains different target structures. This

fits with OT's basic assumption that constraints are universal and

languages differ due to differences in ranking.
Article:Version 1