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Title:Why Constraint Conflict Can Disappear in Reduplication
Authors:Caro Struijke
Abstract:Why Constraint Conflict can Disappear in Reduplication

Caro Struijke

University of Maryland, College Park

(To appear in the proceedings of NELS 30)

This paper argues that markedness and faithfulness constraints which

conflict in unreduplicated words can be simultaneously satisfied in

reduplicated forms. This is due to a broad interpretation of Input-

Output Faithfulness, dubbed 'Word Faithfulness', which relates inputs

to entire output words (Struijke 1998/ROA-261). In reduplicated words,

Word Faithfulness relates the lexically specified input to both the

base and the reduplicant through multiple correspondence. Constraints

governing this faithfulness relation are satisfied if an input element

is present in just one member of the base-reduplicant pair. The other

member may change to ensure satisfaction of a markedness constraint

without incurring a Word Faithfulness violation.

The simultaneous satisfaction of markedness and faithfulness constraints

in reduplicated words explains why vowel reduction is obligatory in

Lushootseed reduplicated words, even though the alternation is optional

in unreduplicated words. In unreduplicated words there is a conflict

between a Faithfulness constraint preserving vowel quality features and

a markedness constraint against full unstressed vowels: one has to be

violated in order to satisfy the other. In reduplicated words, however,

the constraint conflict disappears because both constraints can be

satisfied simultaneously: the stressed member of the base-reduplicant

pair faithfully parses the input vowel, thereby ensuring satisfaction

of the faithfulness constraint, while the unstressed member reduces the

vowel, thereby satisfying the markedness constraint against full

unstressed vowels.
Type:Paper/tech report
Article:Version 1