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Title:Reduplication as alliteration and rhyme
Authors:Moira Yip
Comment:5 pages. This squib will appear in GLOT International 1999
Abstract:Reduplication as Alliteration and Rhyme

Moira Yip

University of California, Irvine

University College London

(Squib to appear in GLOT International, 1999)

The prevailing view of reduplication (Marantz 1982, McCarthy and Prince 1986,

1995) analyses it as an abstract affix whose segmental content is copied from

the base in accordance with certain principles or constraints. Among these are

stipulative constraints (such as Anchor in OT), that ensure that prefixal

reduplicants take their segmental material from the beginning of the word, and

suffixal reduplicants take their material from the end of the word. The

standard analysis misses one obvious generalization: the reduplicant and the

copy are always adjacent, resulting in rhyming sequences. I suggest that the

real core of reduplication is an attempt to produce sequences that rhyme and

alliterate, and that rather than involving an abstract affix, reduplication is

caused by Rhyme and Alliterate constraints. This approach has a number of

consequences. To mention a couple, VC copy is easily handled as the result of

the rhyming sequence preceding the alliterating sequence, instead of the more

usual alliterate-rhyme order. Some languages use unmarked segments in

reduplication (Alderete et al 1998). In the approach advocated here, if

Markedness >> Alliterate, onsets will become unmarked, and if Markedness >>

Rhyme, rhymes will become unmarked. If Markedness is ranked below both,

segments will be copied intact. The analysis makes explicit the link between

reduplication and poetic rhyme and alliteration, a connection obscured by the

usual analyses.
Type:Paper/tech report
Article:Version 1