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Title:Exceptional stress-attracting suffixes in Turkish: representations vs. the grammar
Authors:Sharon Inkelas
Abstract: Exceptional stress-attracting suffixes in Turkish:

representations vs. the grammar''


turkstress.ps, --.rtf

Sharon Inkelas

Department of Linguistics

UC Berkeley

Berkeley, CA 94720-2650

Generative phonology has wrestled since its inception with the

question of whether, for some given phenomenon, that phenomenon should

be handled in the grammar or in the lexicon. The specific phenomenon

addressed in this paper is exceptional stress in Turkish. Turkish

exhibits two regular stress patterns which apply in complementary

morphological contexts. Stressed and prestressing suffixes, as well as

stressed roots are exceptions to each pattern. Simply put, in a word

containing one or more exceptional morphemes, the leftmost such

morpheme determines the stress of the entire word. I compare two

approaches to these data, one in which exceptional morphemes are

underlyingly associated with a stress foot, and another in which all

exceptional morphemes are affiliated with Alignment constraints

specifying that they line up with a stress foot in the output. I

conclude that the former approach is more explanatory than the latter;

the former can account for all stress patterns in the language using a

trochaic foot, while the latter requires the use of all manner of

Alignment constraints, failing to capture any regularities in the

distribution (and behavior) of exceptional stress. This conclusion has

implications for the study of templatic morphology generally. An

underlying stress foot is formally equivalent to a prosodic template;

the fact that such structures are needed for Turkish calls into

question the move to eliminate all metrical templates from prosodic

morphology in favor of Alignment constraints, a proposal made by

McCarthy and Prince 1994.

Type:Paper/tech report
Article:Version 1