|Title:||Opacity in Batticaloa Creole Portuguese stress assignment: motivation for candidate-to-candidate faithfulness|
|Authors:||Andrew J. Koontz-Garboden|
|Abstract:||Opacity in Batticaloa Creole Portuguese stress assignment: motivation for
Andrew J. Koontz-Garboden
Indiana University at Bloomington
According to Smith (1977), stress assignment in Batticaloa Creole Portuguese (BCP) is fully predictable: stress falls on the last underlying long vowel of a word, or on the first short vowel of a word having no long vowel. BCP has phonemic vowel length, although long vowels only surface when they are stressed in a word-initial syllable. Elsewhere, they are shortened. Stress assignment in these cases involves opacity, a phenomenon that challenges output-oriented Optimality Theory (Prince and Smolensky 1993). Opaque stress assignment in BCP is analyzed within McCarthy\'s (1998) original formulation of Sympathy theory, his revised proposal of Sympathy theory (McCarthy 1999), and local conjunction. It is demonstrated that only McCarthy\'s original proposal for Sympathy theory can account for opaque stress assignment in BCP. This is taken as support for the notion of candidate-to-candidate faithfulness, the kernel of McCarthy\'s original Sympathy proposal.
McCarthy, John. 1998. Sympathy and phonological opacity. (Revised April 1998; to appear in Phonology). [ROA-252-0398].
McCarthy, John. 1999. Sympathy, cumulativity, and the Duke-of-York gambit. In Baertsch, Karen and Daniel Dinnsen (eds). 1999. Optimal green ideas in phonology: Indiana University working papers in linguistics volume 1. Bloomington, IN: IULC.
Prince, Alan and Paul Smolensky. 1993. Optimality theory: constraint interaction in generative grammar. Ms. Rutgers University and University of Colorado.
Smith, Ian. 1977. Sri Lanka Creole Portuguese phonology. Unpublished Cornell University Ph.D. dissertation.