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Title:Dominance Effects as Transderivational Anti-Faithfulness
Authors:John Alderete
Comment:Published in Phonology 18, pp. 201-253
Abstract:Dominance Effects as Transderivational Anti-Faithfulness

John Alderete, Rutgers University

This paper presents a theory of morphophonology based on a
development in the theory of faithfulness constraints in
Optimality Theory. A new constraint type, anti-faithfulness,
is proposed that evaluates a pair of related words and requires
an alternation in the shared stem. This constraint type is
motivated initially by a set of problems, e.g. morphological
deletions, segmental exchanges and non-structure preserving
processes, which show that morphophonology must encompass more
than markedness-faithfulness interactions. The anti-faithfulness
thesis is then applied to accentual processes in which affixes
idiosyncratically cause deletion of accent in a neighbouring
morpheme. It is argued that anti-faithfulness both motivates
the observed deletion and accounts for its properties with
principles that are generally available in phonological theory.
Anti-faithfulness is then shown to extend naturally to the
analysis of other affix-induced alternations, including accent
insertions, shifts, and retractions of stress and tone, a
result which distinguishes this theory from plausible alternatives.
Type:Paper/tech report
Article:Version 1