[Author Login]
Title:Free Word Order, Morphological Case, and Sympathy Theory
Authors:Gereon Mueller
Abstract:In this paper, I address the relation between scrambling and
morphological Case from an optimality-theoretic perspective. Based on
empirical evidence from German, Russian, and Bulgarian, and conceptual
evidence involving issues of parametrization, I give arguments against
the traditional view that scrambling presupposes morphological
Case. The remaining two options are (a) and (b). (a) There is no
synchronically relevant relation between scrambling and morphological
Case. (b) Morphological Case does in fact presuppose scrambling. I
pursue the latter, more radical approach, which implies that
morphological Case is not given pre-syntactically (i.e., is not part
of the syntactic input), but arises in the syntax. The presence of
morphological Case is forced by a constraint that requires a Case
marker on scrambled items (i.e., items at the left edge of vP); but
morphological Case violates a Dep constraint. The main problem
with such an approach turns out to be that morphological Case in
languages like German and Russian may show up on an NP even if this NP
has not undergone scrambling; in other words: the local property of a
given sentence to exhibit morphological Case on its NPs is tied not to
the local property of actual scrambling in that sentence, but rather
to the global property that the language permits scrambling in
minimally different sentences. In order to solve this problem, I
develop an approach in terms of sympathy theory (McCarthy (1999))
according to which morphological Case can arise on an NP in situ
without actual scrambling, because of a flower-constraint that
demands faithfulness to a competitor that does involve scrambling
(and, hence, bear morphological Case).
Type:Paper/tech report
Article:Version 1