|Title:||Antisymmetry and optimality: Positional variation in negation|
|Comment:||A4 in pdf|
|Abstract:||A fundamental assumption about clausal organization that is
rigorously explored and formalized in recent years is that phrase structure is universally asymmetric. In much of the research on the asymmetry of syntax, however, the assumption that this property of phrase structure is an inviolable universal is adopted without question. An unwanted consequence is recourse to a series of movement operations that are often difficult to motivate on empirical grounds. In this paper, I investigate positional variation in negation within Optimality Theory, and argue that once the asymmetric properties of phrase structure are taken as violable constraints on output forms, they can be integrated straightforwardly to formal theory of grammar without any lexical stipulation and movement.