|Comment:||5/94, sherer.exe is a self-extracting archive|
|Abstract:|| Prosodic Phonotactics
shererN.wp6, for N=0...6; sherer.exe
Tim D. Sherer
(UMass dissertation, May 1994)
sherer0.wp6 Front matter. 20 pp.
sherer1.wp6 Chapter 1. Introduction. 23pp.
sherer2.wp6 Chapter 2. Factorial Typology. 68 pp.
sherer3.wp6 Chapter 3 Finnish Hypercharacterized syllables. 31 pp.
sherer4.wp6 Chapter 4. Hypercharacterization in Fula and Koya. 32pp.
sherer5.wp6 Chapter 5. Appendix Consonants. 18 pp.
sherer6.wp6 Chapter 6. Outstanding problems and other approaches. 14 pp.
sherer.exe Self-extracting archive file that generates the above.
::Abstracts of the Chapters::
Acknowledgements, abstract, contents; the appendix and sources.
Chapter 1. Introduction.
The first chapter summarizes the goals of the dissertation and
introduces most of the constraints used later in the work. The main
goal of this work is to characterize sequences of consonants by
characterizing codas in the most general way possible. Since this one
of the earlier works employing Prince and Smolensky s 1993 Optimality
manuscript, I include an introduction to the theory in this chapter.
Chapter 2. Factorial Typology.
The second chapter includes a factorial typology involving
several of the constraints introduced in chapter 1. This typology
builds on Prince and Smolensky's factorial typology by employing a
more detailed syllable structure. Also, there are analyses of facts
from the languages Wiyot and Italian. The constraint *LONG-VOWEL is
introduced in this chapter (and plays a role in chapter 4) Another
question dealt with here is the content of underlying form--in
particular, the result of specifying a weight by position mora in the
lexicon. I also discuss the role of lexical levels in OT.
Chapter 3. Finnish Hypercharacterized syllables.
The third chapter deals with intervocalic consonant sequences of
Finnish. A search of a machine readable dictionary revealed a coronal
asymmetry in Finnish. Essentially, in Finnish a hypercharacterized
syllable may be closed by a geminate or by a coronal consonant, but
not by a non-coronal, non-geminate. An Optimality Theoretic analysis
of this fact is offered. One aspect of this analysis is that no root
not meeting the coronal only requirement would be posited by a Finnish
language learner (Stampean Occultation).
Chapter 4. Hypercharacterization in Fula and Koya.
The fourth chapter includes analyses of two languages, Fula and
Koya, both of which permit long vowels before sequences of consonants,
but not before geminates. This is analyzed by means of a syllable
appendix--a consonant directly adjoined to the syllable node without
an intervening mora. This version of an appendix consonant differs
from the word-final version. Both Fula and Koya have cases where we
might expect long vowels to precede geminates. In Fula, these cases
surface with a simple consonant (corresponding to the geminate), while
in Koya, these forms surface with a short vowel. Optimality Theoretic
analyses for these mappings are given.
Chapter 5. Appendix Consonants.
The fifth chapter focuses on the topic of syllable appendixes and
appendixal consonants. The main part of the chapter is a discussion
of several (closely related) Australian languages and why they should
be analyzed employing appendix consonants. I provide a sketchy
Optimality Theoretic analysis. The balance of the chapter is devoted
to questions about the appendix position. The idea of analyzing
appendixes by means of Alignment is discussed, including how this
could derive different sites for adjunction (word, syllable, and so
forth.) The nature of the coronal asymmetry is discussed and a
phonetic scale is offered as a possible explanation.
Chapter 6. Outstanding problems and other approaches.
The sixth chapter deals with topics not dealt with earlier in the
dissertation, including a comparison between the Optimality Theoretic
approach and an approach where constraints are set to on or off. Also
discussed is the Linked Gemination approach to the representation of
geminates, which is at odds with the moraic theory of geminates.
Another matter covered was the role of linking, both in connection
with Linked Gemination and the Coda Condition Approach, including
discussion of an approach to hypercharacterization that employs coda