[Author Login]
Title:Morpheme-level Features: Chaoyang Syllable Structure and Nasalization
Authors:Moira Yip
Abstract: Morpheme-level Features: Chaoyang Syllable Structure and Nasalization


chao-nas.wp6. (1994: 15pp.)

Moira Yip

University of California, Irvine


In Chaoyang, the features [constricted glottis] ([c.g.]) and

[nasal] are specified at the level of the morpheme, and distributed

within the syllable in conformity with a set of ranked and violable

output constraints. Coda consonants consist of Place features alone,

and surface as voiceless glottalized stops if the syllable carries

[c.g.], and as nasals if the syllable is not [c.g.]. The constraints

governing [nasal] require that [nasal] be realized, that rhymes and

syllables harmonize for [nasal], but that [nasal] may not associate to

segments unmarked for [voice]. The interaction of these constraints

means that in certain syllable types nasality surfaces on the entire

syllable, in others on the rhyme only, in others on the onset only,

and that in a final class nasality does not surface at all. The

analysis of [c..g.] and [nasal] as morpheme-level features explains a

pattern of segment loss in reduplication, where it is shown that the

retained features of tone, [c.g.], and [nasal] are exactly the

morpheme-level features of the language.

Type:Paper/tech report
Article:Version 1