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Title:Repetition and its Avoidance: The Case of Javanese
Authors:Moira Yip
Abstract: Repetition and its Avoidance: The Case of Javanese


java.wp6: 23pp.

Moira Yip

University of California, Irvine


This paper examines Habitual-Repetitive Reduplication in Javanese. It

is argued that echo-words result from the tension between a

requirement that penalizes a sequence of two identical stems,

*Repeat(Stem), and one that requires two identical stems,

Repeat(Stem). In addition, I reinforce the main points of the

preceding abstract: First, at least some inputs to the Optimality

Grammar must be abstract morphological specifications like Plural.

They are phonologically incomplete outputs of the morpho-syntax.

Second, morpheme realization results from an attempt to meet output

targets in the form of constraints: Repeat, =E52 =3Da; Pl=3Ds, and so

on. Crucially, reduplication results from the need to satisfy a

constraint, Repeat, and not from the underlying presence of a RED

morpheme. Third, the target constraints may be out-ranked by

phonological constraints of various kinds, particularly constraints

against the repetition of elements, here called *Repeat, rather than

the OCP. The primary data comes from Javanese, but the paper also

touches on English and Turkish. Section 1 gives some background on the

handling of morphological data in OT. Section 2 discusses identity

avoidance in morphology, sets out the basic proposal, and gives

sketches of English and Turkish. Section 3 is an extended discussion

of Javanese. Section 4 looks at secret languages, and section 5 sums


To appear in K. Suzuki and D. Elzinga, eds.,the Proceedings of

the Arizona Phonology Conference 4: Features in OT.

Type:Paper/tech report
Article:Version 1