|Title:||Exploring recursivity, stringency, and gradience in the Pama-Nyungan stress continuum|
|Comment:||To appear in Steve Parker (ed.), Phonological argumentation, Essays on evidence and motivation, Equinox Publishing.|
|Abstract:||ABSTRACT. This chapter reviews contemporary approaches to the morphological influences on stress in certain Pama-Nyungan languages, including Diyari, Dyirbal, and Warlpiri. To account for the variation found in these languages, nine different theories are developed that differ in the constraints responsible for edge effects in stress and the alignment of morphological and prosodic structure. The factorial typologies of each theory are analyzed and shown to support three conclusions concerning the analysis of morphological stress in particular and the nature of constraints in general. First, stringency or ‘special-general’ relations between two morpho-prosodic alignment constraints are necessary because theories without these stringency relations either do not describe all of the data or predict the existence of rather implausible stress patterns. Second, while some constraints that require gradient constraint evaluation can (and indeed must) be dispensed with, it appears that gradiently assessed constraints like AllFeetLeft are still necessary. Third, there is both theoretical and empirical support for the recursive prosodic word analysis of (McCarthy and Prince, 1994, ROA-59). This analysis is also shown to make predictions about logically possible systems that may be explored in future work.
DATA FILES. The input files used to construct the nine factorial typologies are included to facilitate further validation and exploration of the claims and problems discussed in this chapter. They are included as a set of worksheets in an Excel spreadsheet file, together with an index of the output patterns for all the systems. The first cell of the first worksheet (A1) contains a comment that describes the structure of the worksheets and the assumptions about the output forms in all systems.