|Title:||Austronesian Nasal Substitution and Other NC Effects|
|Comment:||43 pages. Supersedes ROA 92-0000|
|Abstract:||Austronesian Nasal Substitution and Other NC Effects
The paper analyzes Indonesian/Malay nasal substitution (i.e.
meN+pilih -> memilih, but meN+beli -> membeli) as fusion of
the nasal and voiceless obstruent, driven by a phonetically
motivated constraint that disallows nasal/voiceless obstruent
clusters (*NC). Through reranking *NC with faithfulness
constraints, a typology of NC effects, including nasal deletion,
post-nasal voicing, and denasalization, is produced.
Particularly striking evidence for the need to formally express
the relationship between these processes is provided by conspiracies
between NC effects, where *NC is satisfied in one way in one
environment (e.g. post-nasal voicing word-medially), and in another
way in another context(e.g. nasal substitution word-initially).
Topics of more general concern dealt with in the paper include
the formulation of segmental and featural faithfulness constraints in
the Correspondence Theory of McCarthy and Prince (1995), as well as
the influence of morphology on non-prosodic phonology.