|Title:||A Model of the Interplay of Speech Perception and Phonology|
|Authors:||Elizabeth Hume, Keith Johnson|
|Comment:||17 pages, 5 figures|
|Abstract:||A Model of the Interplay of Speech Perception and Phonology
Elizabeth Hume and Keith Johnson
Ohio State University
Do human auditory perceptual abilities shape language sound structures?
If so, what aspects of phonology may be driven by perception, and how
should perceptually driven processes be captured in linguistic theory?
These and similar questions have come to the forefront of linguistic
research in the last decade because the technology used in speech
perception research has become much more widely available and
portable, and because developments in constraint-based theories of
phonology have made it possible to incorporate 'perceptual constraints'
in linguistic grammars.
In this paper we present a range of evidence, including new work from
our lab, pointing to the influence of language sound structures on
speech perception, as well as the influence of speech perception on
phonological systems. With this as a basis,we propose a model that we
take as a starting point for the study of the interplay of speech perception
and phonology, defined to include the cognitive and formal
representatons of phonological systems. The aim of this paper is to
situate the study of the interplay of these two domains in a broader
context - taking into account other factors such as speech production,
linguistic cognition and social influence.
To appear in: E. Hume & K. Johnson (eds.), The Role of Speech
Perception in Phonology. New York: Academic Press.