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Title:Optimality and Economy of Expression in Japanese and Korean
Authors:Peter Sells
Abstract:Optimality and Economy of Expression in Japanese and Korean

Peter Sells

Stanford University

November 1996

13 pages

This paper is concerned with certain areas of Japanese and Korean

morpho-syntax in which an account based on Optimality Theory seems to

provide certain advantages of explanation and simplicity over previous

accounts. The areas discussed are: the competetion between words and

small syntactic constructions, such as those involving adjectival

nouns in construction with the copula and the generalized "do" verb;

blocking of generally productive morphological patterns by particular

"irregular" morphemes; and the distribution of the Japanese prenominal

morpheme "-no", which I argue is a generalized linking morpheme, and

not a genitive marker as such. I propose two major economy

constraints, Avoid Word and Avoid Affix, in accounting for the

relevant data.
Type:Paper/tech report
Article:Version 1