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Title:Tone, Segments, and Their Interaction in North Kyungsang Korean: A Correspondence Theoretic Account
Authors:No-Ju Kim
Comment:8 files (see abstract for details)
Abstract:Tone, Segments, and Their Interaction in North Kyungsang Korean:

A Correspondence Theoretic Account [Dissertation]

No-Ju Kim, Ph.D.

The Ohio State University, 1997

Professor David Odden, Adviser

File 1: Title page - Chapter 2

Files 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7: Chapters 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

File 8: Chapter 9 - Bibliography

This thesis undertakes a correspondence theoretic investigation into tone,

segments, and their interaction in North Kyungsang Korean. This thesis

places emphasis on the following issues: (i) a default H for tone,

(ii) prosodic stem (P-stem) for tone and segments, and (iii) C-command

for phrasing.

A group of roots has no H in UR. A default H is assigned to the final

syllable of a toneless root if it is heavy, or otherwise to the penult.

Recognition of this default H renders a convincing account of the

following: (i) tone in loan words, (ii) a unique tone pattern in roots

longer than three syllables, (iii) words exhibiting dual tone patterns,

(iv) quantity-sensitivity in tone shift and assignment, and (v) asymmetry

in the number of words for possible tone patterns.

A prosodic unit, P-stem, is recognized not only for this dialect but for

all the other dialects of Korean. A morphological stem (M-stem) corres-

ponds to a prosodic stem (P-stem) unless a mismatch is compelled by other

constraints. One mismatch between the right edges of an M-stem and a

P-stem is driven by syllabification. If an M-stem ending with a consonant

is followed by a vowel-initial suffix, the M-stem-final consonant is

syllabified as the onset of the following syllable. There is a tendency

for the edge of a P-stem to be aligned with the edge of a syllable. Due

to this, the syllable constructed across an M-stem boundary is

incorporated into the P-stem, resulting in a mismatch between the right

edges of a P-stem and an M-stem. Recognition of this mismatch explains

four seemingly-unrelated phenomena: (i) two types of shortening,

(ii) compensatory lengthening, and (iii) blockage of tone shift.

The C-command constraint plays a major role in mapping morphosyntactic

units to prosodic phrases (P-phrases) with focus or without focus.

Dealing with a wide range of syntactic configurations including

recursion, embedding, and coordination, it is shown that the mapping,

called phrasing, is regulated by a set of constraints. Compounds

(composed of more than two words) and modified compounds are organized

into a number of P-phrases. Focus also affects phrasing of sentences.

The constraint C-command has a focal role in the analysis of all these

constructions with focus or without focus.
Article:Version 1