|Title:||Tone, Segments, and Their Interaction in North Kyungsang Korean: A Correspondence Theoretic Account|
|Comment:||8 files (see abstract for details)|
|Abstract:||Tone, Segments, and Their Interaction in North Kyungsang Korean:
A Correspondence Theoretic Account [Dissertation]
No-Ju Kim, Ph.D.
The Ohio State University, 1997
Professor David Odden, Adviser
File 1: Title page - Chapter 2
Files 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7: Chapters 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
File 8: Chapter 9 - Bibliography
This thesis undertakes a correspondence theoretic investigation into tone,
segments, and their interaction in North Kyungsang Korean. This thesis
places emphasis on the following issues: (i) a default H for tone,
(ii) prosodic stem (P-stem) for tone and segments, and (iii) C-command
A group of roots has no H in UR. A default H is assigned to the final
syllable of a toneless root if it is heavy, or otherwise to the penult.
Recognition of this default H renders a convincing account of the
following: (i) tone in loan words, (ii) a unique tone pattern in roots
longer than three syllables, (iii) words exhibiting dual tone patterns,
(iv) quantity-sensitivity in tone shift and assignment, and (v) asymmetry
in the number of words for possible tone patterns.
A prosodic unit, P-stem, is recognized not only for this dialect but for
all the other dialects of Korean. A morphological stem (M-stem) corres-
ponds to a prosodic stem (P-stem) unless a mismatch is compelled by other
constraints. One mismatch between the right edges of an M-stem and a
P-stem is driven by syllabification. If an M-stem ending with a consonant
is followed by a vowel-initial suffix, the M-stem-final consonant is
syllabified as the onset of the following syllable. There is a tendency
for the edge of a P-stem to be aligned with the edge of a syllable. Due
to this, the syllable constructed across an M-stem boundary is
incorporated into the P-stem, resulting in a mismatch between the right
edges of a P-stem and an M-stem. Recognition of this mismatch explains
four seemingly-unrelated phenomena: (i) two types of shortening,
(ii) compensatory lengthening, and (iii) blockage of tone shift.
The C-command constraint plays a major role in mapping morphosyntactic
units to prosodic phrases (P-phrases) with focus or without focus.
Dealing with a wide range of syntactic configurations including
recursion, embedding, and coordination, it is shown that the mapping,
called phrasing, is regulated by a set of constraints. Compounds
(composed of more than two words) and modified compounds are organized
into a number of P-phrases. Focus also affects phrasing of sentences.
The constraint C-command has a focal role in the analysis of all these
constructions with focus or without focus.