[Author Login]
Title:Stress preservation in German loan-words
Authors:Birgit Alber
Abstract:Stress preservation in German loan-words

Birgit Alber

University of Marburg

In this paper I give an analysis of stress preservation in German

loan-words in terms of output-output correspondence, following work by

Benua 1995, McCarthy 1995, Pater 1995, Kenstowicz 1996, Kager

(forthcoming), among others. I show that in German stress can be

preserved after suffixation at the cost of certain stress pattern

constraints, but not of others. Thus, stress preservation is non-uniform

in German loan-words, a fact easily accounted for in OT by the medial

ranking of a faithfulness constraint requiring identity between suffixed

and underived form cf. Pater 1995 for a similar account of English). The

approach based on violable constraints is compared to a derivational

approach in terms of cyclicity showing that the former is more restrictive

in its predictions. Thus, an approach to stress preservation in terms of

a faithfulness constraint integrated into the hierarchy of stress pattern

constraints makes precise predictions as to the effects of stress

preservation on the overall stress system of the language. In German

loan-words, the constraint responsible for stress preservation is ranked

below the constraint Align (PrWd, L, Ft, L), but above the weight-to-

stress principle (WSP). Thus, all stress pattern constraints ranked below

the WSP are predicted to be violated when stress preservation is at stake

while all constraints ranked above Align (PrWd, L, Ft, L) are predicted to

remain active regardless of the requirements of stress preservation. The

second part of the paper shows that these predictions are indeed borne

out. A brief comparison between German and English stress preservation,

based on Pater (1995) concludes the paper.

This paper was published as:

Alber (1998), "Stress preservation in German loan-words", in: Wolfgang

Kehrein & Richard Wiese (eds.), Phonology and Morphology of the Germanic

Languages, Tuebingen: Niemeyer, pp. 113-141
Type:Paper/tech report
Article:Version 1