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Title:Morphosyntactic correspondence in Bantu reduplication
Authors:Larry M. Hyman, Sharon Inkelas, Galen Sibanda
Abstract:Morphosyntactic correspondence in Bantu reduplication

Larry M. Hyman, Sharon Inkelas, Galen Sibanda
University of California, Berkeley

This paper provides a detailed description of verb-stem reduplication in
Ndebele (a Southern Bantu language of the Nguni group, which also includes
Zulu, Xhosa and Swati). We show that the reduplicant in Ndebele is
conditioned both by phonological factors (it must be disyllabic) and
morphological factors, and that the morphological factors are 'abstract'
in nature. In particular, identity between reduplicant and stem is
enforced at the morphosyntactic level. We provide evidence showing that
the reduplicant of an Ndebele verb stem must be analyzed as a verb stem
itself (cf. Downing 1997a et seq.). Its surface form is obtained not by
surface correspondence to the base output, but rather by direct spell-out
of its own (identical) morphosyntactic structure, which, in turn, is a
direct copy from the base. While the base and reduplicant are thus
identical morphosyntactically, they are not necessarily identical
morphotactically, because Ndebele provides different ways of spelling out
the same morphosyntactic features.
Type:Paper/tech report
Article:Version 1