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Title:Vowel Harmony and Stem Identity
Authors:Eric Bakovic
Comment:Originally posted 9/2002; revised 7/2003
Abstract:Affix vowels often alternate to agree with stem vowels in a pattern dubbed root-outward harmony. I propose that root-outward harmony is subject to a condition that a stem not be phonologically altered under affixation. This analysis accounts most parsimoniously for the core empirical generalization of root-outward harmony: that stem vowels never alternate to agree with affix vowels even if the only alternative is for stem and affix to disagree. Analyses in terms of underspecification and/or directionality capture this generalization less readily. I formalize the proposed analysis in terms of stem-affixed form faithfulness in Optimality Theory and compare it with likely alternatives.
Type:Paper/tech report
Area/Keywords:Phonology, Morphology
Article:Version 1