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Title:Morphological effects on default stress in novel Russian words
Authors:Katherine Crosswhite, John Alderete, Tim Beasley, Vita Markman
Comment:WCCFL 22 proceedings, ed. G. Garding and M. Tsujimura, pp. 151-164, Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press.
Abstract:This article presents the results of a nonce-probe experiment
conducted with 13 native speakers of Russian and examines the
implications of these results for the linguistic analysis of
Russian stress. Experimental items were novel words that ended
in a sequence of segments either homophonous with a Russian
case ending or not. Carrier sentences were manipulated to either
morphosyntactically support a case-marked form or not. Results
show a strong morphological effect: speakers stressed the last
syllable of the stem, i.e., the ultima in words without
inflections, and the antepenult or penult in words with
inflections (depending on length of the inflection). This
finding is relevant for linguistic analysis of Russian because
it uncovers a default location for stress that is not abundantly
apparent in the synchronic phonology. A new formal analysis is
presented in Optimality Theory that makes crucial use of an
interface constraint that governs the alignment of prosodic
structure (stress) and morphology (the right edge of the stem),
and the OT concepts of faithfulness and anti-faithfulness.
Type:Paper/tech report
Article:Part 1
Part 2
Part 3